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2014艺考文化课要求提高 专家:今后艺考没有捷径可走

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发表于 2014-2-25 13:49:04 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
浙江在线·教育新闻网02月18日讯(见习记者 吴俏婧)2月17日,伴随着设计艺术专业的考生走出考场,为期3天的中国美术学院本科生艺术考试终于落下帷幕。昨日是校考的最后一天,中国美术学院迎来了今年考试人数的最高峰:近1.8万人的考生数量,相比首日(15日)的8000人次左右翻了一倍多。
  据悉,今年,中国美院2014年计划招收本科生1635人,比去年下降65人,依然是“五十挑一”的录取比例。至于最火的专业,依旧是“建筑大类”与“设计大类”,录取比均达到1:80。
  色彩考真人头像写生 不少考生表示懵了
  而今年美院的招生考试难度也达到了“历史新高”——去年只针对造型专业考生进行的“彩色人物头像”的色彩考试命题,今年在色彩、素描和速写的考试中全用上了。首场色彩考试,要求画彩色人物头像,不少考生表示:“太难了!之前有听学长说色彩考试一般都是静物写生为主,所以在考试前只练习过2、3次,根本没什么把握。”考生陆同学告诉记者,“2个半小时内完成一个彩色头像,头像的冷暖色调,她没法准确掌控。”
  750位大一学长学姐担任模特 重温艺考路
  据介绍,每年考试都要用到几百名模特,学校一般找校外专业模特和在校生。今年750多个模特全来自中国美院大一新生。每个考场里有60个考生,模特有男有女,每20个考生围着1个模特坐。他们平均每个人要做4场考试的模特,每场考试3小时左右,3天下来,平均每人要当模特12个小时。“我们之所以要这样安排,是想让这些大一新生重温一下艺考之路。”中国美院副院长王赞说道。
  在众多模特中,造型艺术专业的李同学就是其中之一。“每小时我们可以休息5分钟,上午的色彩考试还可以,下午的速写考试有的姿势其实非常累人”。李同学说,“素描结束半小时后考速写,1小时里他需要做2个动作——前30分钟盘腿坐在地上;再15分钟是站立,重心在一只脚上。这些动作,都严格按照试卷上的照片摆出来”。但李同学表示,虽然很累,但是很开心,能在同一个场景重温艺考路。
  专家:“应试”考生或将淘汰 今后艺考没有捷径可走
  “彩色静物考了十年,许多培训机构把培训搞得很僵化,比如不会画的人按照‘六步法’也能画出一个像样的苹果。”中国美院副院长王赞表示,这次考试调整内容就是要打破应试考试的弊端,因为彩色头像对考生的艺术感知力的要求远远高于静物,靠几个月“临阵磨枪”只能在考场上败下阵来。今年的考题依旧给那些突击应试的考生敲了警钟:模式化的套路不管用”。
  “比如图媒类第一次启用真人头像写生,算是最高级别难度了。”中国美院副院长王赞认为这个难体现在:每个模特形象和造型都不一样;要强调肤色、环境色对真人头像的影响;要表现出模特的情态和表情。这既考查造型能力和色彩表现能力,还考查学生的人物情态捕捉能力。 “明年校考还会变,基础最重要。”王赞觉得,难度高或低对考试影响不大。优秀考生哪怕是画个苹果也能出彩,画真人头像也不会差。不管具体考什么,其思路和判断都是一样的,要理解、概括、准确、生动。完善这些能力,仅靠短期应试培训行不通。“3个月应试培训就想进入美院,那是不可能的。”
  此外,2014年教育部对艺术类高考文化课的新规也增加了考生的难度。王赞说,按照教育部的要求,美术类本科专业文化课控制分数线不能低于同批次普通文理科学生文化成绩的70%,估计浙江今年的美术类文化课高考分数线在350分左右。
发表于 2019-1-28 19:03:11 | 显示全部楼层
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发表于 2019-3-15 17:06:38 | 显示全部楼层
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